The Hebrew word here rendered “oppressed” signifies to exact or demand payment. It is so rendered in the following passage: ”The creditor shall not exact of his neighbour….” The word taskmaster comes from the same root, and as there is no noun prefixed to the original, the words may be fitly rendered it was exacted of Him—demanded, required— and He was “afflicted.” This is the office and work of the Lord Jesus and this is a gracious and comforting view of Christ for a poor, sin-burdened, guilt-oppressed soul.
By nature all are God’s debtors, owing Him supreme love, perfect holiness, entire obedience, and unreserved service. To meet this great debt, we are morally and utterly unable, bankrupt of all righteousness and strength and having “nothing to pay.” O my soul, ponder this your state by nature, owing an infinite debt to God with no possible way of discharging a single fraction of the claim.
But consider Jesus as the church’s great Paymaster. Jesus, in eternity, entered into a bond, signed with His own hand, and afterwards sealed with His own blood, to free us from all this great debt. In fulfillment of that covenant engagement by His perfect obedience and atoning death, He gave full satisfaction to the divine government, and so law and justice exacted from Him the obligation He had undertaken to meet. And now was fulfilled His own prophecy concerning Himself: ”Then I restored that which I took not away.” Jesus restored the glory of God, of which He had not robbed Him. He satisfied divine justice, which He had never injured. He fulfilled a law He had never broken, and so restored to it a righteousness He had never taken away.
Sin is a debt. Jesus paid it when He bore our sins in His own body on the tree. Obedience is a debt. Jesus paid it when, by the obedience of One, many were made righteous. Death is a debt. Jesus paid it when He bowed His head on the cross and gave up the spirit. And when thus we behold Him dragged into the court of human justice, what do we behold but the exacting from Him the full payment of the bond for the honoring of which He had entered into an eternal covenant on His people’s behalf?
What life and liberty are bound up in these words: ”I forgave you all that great debt!” Believing soul, the debtor’s prison is no longer your abode. The bond is cancelled, and God, the creditor, fully satisfied with the atonement of His beloved Son, has given a full discharge both to Him and to us, in that He raised Him from the dead. No longer, then, look at your sins, unworthiness, nothingness, and poverty; but look to Jesus, and, looking constantly by faith at Him, walk in the holy, happy liberty of one all of whose debt is cancelled, and for whom there is now no condemnation. Is Jesus your Paymaster, O my soul? Then He has equally engaged to provide for your temporal needs, to deliver you out of all your difficulties, and to enable you to meet all your worldly engagements.